Author: Lauener, J.
Paper Title Page
MOBPL05 How to Design & Implement a Modern Communication Middleware Based on ZeroMQ 45
  • J. Lauener, W. Sliwinski
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In 2011, CERN's Controls Middleware (CMW) team started a new project aiming to design and implement a new generation equipment access framework using modern, open-source products. After reviewing several communication libraries [1], ZeroMQ [2] was chosen as the transport layer for the new communication framework. The main design principles were: scalability, flexibility, easy to use and maintain. Several core ZeroMQ patterns were employed in order to provide reliable, asynchronous communication and dispatching of messages. The new product was implemented in Java and C++ for client and server side. It is the core middleware framework to control all CERN accelerators and the future GSI FAIR [3] complex. This paper presents the overall framework architecture; choices and lessons learnt while designing a scalable solution; challenges faced when designing a common API for two languages (Java and C++) and operational experience from using the new solution at CERN for 3 years. The lessons learnt and observations made can be applied to any modern software library responsible for fast, reliable, scalable communication and processing of many concurrent requests.
[1] A. Dworak et al., "Middleware trends and market leaders 2011", ICALEPCS 2011.
[2] ZeroMQ,
[3] V. Rapp et al., "Controls Middleware for FAIR", PCaPAC 2014.
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TUPHA161 SIP4C/C++ at CERN - Status and Lessons Learned 785
  • S. Jensen, J.C. Bau, A. Dworak, M. Gourber-Pace, F. Hoguin, J. Lauener, F. Locci, K. Sigerud, W. Sliwinski
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  A C/C++ software improvement process (SIP4C/C++) has been increasingly applied by the CERN accelerator Controls group since 2011, addressing technical and cultural aspects of our software development work. A first paper was presented at ICALEPCS 2013*. On the technical side, a number of off-the-shelf software products have been deployed and integrated, including Atlassian Crucible (code review), Google test (unit test), Valgrind (memory profiling) and SonarQube (static code analysis). Likewise, certain in-house developments are now operational such as a Generic Makefile (compile/link/deploy), CMX (for publishing runtime process metrics) and Manifest (capturing library dependencies). SIP4C/C++ has influenced our culture by promoting integration of said products into our binaries and workflows. We describe our current status for technical solutions and how they have been integrated into our environment. Based on testimony from four project teams, we present reasons for and against adoption of individual SIP4C/C++ products and processes. Finally, we show how SIP4C/C++ has improved development and delivery processes as well as the first-line support of delivered products.
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